By CORINNE BOYER
Kansas News Service
GARDEN CITY, Kansas — All of Western Kansas has just
one shelter for children who are in protective custody or are victims
of sex trafficking. The new shelter isn’t taking kids yet, because it’s
waiting on its license, but local officials say those 14 beds are
The Southwest Kansas Regional Juvenile Detention Center
in Finney County retrofitted jail cells into shelter spaces, using
$500,000 in state grant funding, after a 2017 law kept more kids out of detention centers.
side effect of it was it made our juvenile detention centers not have
as many kids ’cause it made it very difficult to get into juvenile
detention,” said Katrina Pollet, the executive director for the Finney
County Department of Corrections.
She said police were having to
drive kids to Wichita to find shelter space, which kept the kids from
“spending a lot of time in school or just working on whatever issues
that they have that got them into the system in the first place.”
She added that the new beds will help kids who don’t have safe home environments.
go to court and the judge says, you know, home just is not a viable
option for you right now,” she said. “So instead of sending them back to
juvenile detention, the judge can send him right here to the shelter.”
But the shelter beds also can help victims of sex trafficking. Kansas
had 43 reports of cases during the first half of 2019, which was fewer
than 30 other states. (Nationally during the time period, 4,585 cases
were reported to the National Human Trafficking Hotline.)
third of Kansas cases last year involved minors. The juvenile justice
center hasn’t seen any victims of sex trafficking in a few years, Pollet
said, but the shelter will have a new social worker who is trained to
recognize human trafficking.
“Maybe we can be looking and finding
out a little bit more about those youth who’ve been human trafficked,
so that we identify them earlier on and that we’re not putting them back
out into a placement where they would be human traffic again,” she
Human trafficking statistics are only available at the
state level, and aren’t broken down by counties or towns. And experts
say detecting human trafficking cases in rural areas can be much more
difficult, especially in places like Garden City.
“Finney County has a lot of abandoned homes, abandoned shops,
abandoned farm farm ground shops,” said Hailey Knoll, executive director
of Family Crisis Services. “Any abandoned property is a really easy
place to hide victims.”
Knoll was a detective with the Garden
City Police Department for four years and said human trafficking in
Garden City doesn’t look like trafficking in Topeka or Kansas City
learned that human trafficking in our area isn’t about the runways and
the tracks,” Knoll said. “It was about the selling of children from
Megan Cutter, associate director of the National Human Trafficking Hotline, said it’s challenging to find shelters for victims.
for shelter are often very scarce,” Cutter said. “The more, the better,
as long as they’re places where people are receiving victim centered
Like other crimes, Cutter said human trafficking is underreported, and teens can be particularly vulnerable to traffickers.
see this a lot online where people start chatting on various apps or
dating sites and the person, this potential trafficker … makes a lot of
promises,” she said. “And then … the victim is enticed by that and
thinks that this person is their boyfriend or their girlfriend and they
feel very in love.”
The juvenile shelter is not yet taking kids, as the license was approved early this year but hasn’t yet arrived.
If you need help, call the National Human Trafficking Hotline at (888) 373-7888.
Corinne Boyer covers western Kansas for High Plains Public Radio and the Kansas News Service. You can follow her on Twitter @Corinne_boyer or email [email protected]